Malay customary law is understood to derive from two sources: adat pepatih and adapt. Adat pepatih developed among the matrilineal Minangkabau of Sumatra. According to the Minangkabau Adat pepatih, The Creator is the Prime Mover, The First Cause, The Absolute and The Phenomenon. Although we learn about. What is adat land? • customary land tenure is that it is a matriarchal system or adat pepatih and applicable in the districts of Kuala Pilah,. Rembau, Jelebu and.

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The Sultan is the sovereign and exercise the function of the executive, judicial and sometime legislature. There was no separation of powers and often the absolute power of the ruler corrupt absolutely. A first offender was in the first instance judge by his own people and only when a person is rejected by his own family then only there will be no other choice but to kill, banish or enslave him.

The family are responsible for the conduct of its members. In other words the adat pepatih is more organized so as to win the heart of its followers. The married man shall be subservient to his mother in-law If he is clever I will try to cajole him If he is stupid I will see that he works Like the butl ressem of a big tree he shall shelter me Like a thick foliage he shall shade me. The whole of Hindu criminal law is characterized by lex teleonis. He was very pleased and in return he did them honour, giving them places to live and adaat to built their mosque.

Aadat is also being said that Adat temenggong being one of the branch in the Malay adat Law derives its patriarchal character from the Hindu influence. He can however add to this ancestral inheritance out of his own free will. The only explanation suggested is that the Malays in the Peninsular are believed to have come from the Minangkabau highland in Central Sumatra by different routes.

The “adat” term in Malaysia refer as Customary Law. Hindu law being the first foreign element to be adopted by the Malay adat Law, it is significant to note some aspect of it in pepqtih to understand the sources of law and legal system at that time.


Punishment system in the laws of Adat Perpatih generally aims to reform or rehabilitate the wrongdoer rather than retaliating against him. The sons would be compelled to marry into other communities and leave their native homes and to take abode in the houses of their wives.

At present when one refers to the Malay adat, the adat pepatih will gained dominence over adat temenggong. The big territorial chiefs who professed the matrilineal system in its entirely never merged their individual interest in those of the federation.

The concept of state and kinship has been change, tribal policies were raised in status to kingdoms, the concept of god-king had been introduced replacing the tribal chieftan.

Adat perpatih

Only when a man is rejected by his family then the law will be severely impose. Rub against the stem of a bamboo and you itch. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

The peasants had no right whatsoever. According to the terombo songs of origin these law givers held sway over different parts of Minangkabau. If he was charged with a graver crime he was heard by his own people and if a prima facie case was made out against him, he will be handed over to the higher authorities for trail. Adat perpatih is similar to Oceanian matrilineal sdat in the sense that both systems practise inalienable possessions.

Land is entailed to the women of the tribe who form the permanent members of the customary society.

Of all branches of Hindu law, constitutional law and criminal law have left most traces in Medieval Malay States. Thus it will connote rules of etiquette adt the ceremonies prescribed for a particular occasion such as marriage as well as those customs pepatij have legal consequences. Adat Malays in Peninsular Malaysia are governed by adat and Islamic law in addition to the general law applicable to all communities.

The man who uphold the nouns will be rewarded by his fellowmen with approbation, honours and the like; These are positive sanction.

Petty disputes were referred for arbitration to the village elders. Why Dato Pepateh insisted upon matriliny and exogamy for his followers while Dato Ketenmenggungan was inclined to patrilineal descent and endogamy is not precisely known.


There is a great difference between a digest and a code. Pepagih Malay culture Women in Indonesia. So taking council together afat men to one mind. The adat temenggong was different. These unwritten laws especially the sententious saying that has been handed down by oral tradition however have the full force of public opinion behind them, reference to them is sufficient to compel even an unjust judge to do justice to the litigants before him.

Men in Adat Perpatih do not have the right to the Ancestral Properties. In spite of the good points of this constitution there zdat two imperfections that were never mended. Minorities always broke away and create civil strife.

Adat Pepatih Archives – Viddsee BUZZ

The system practices democracy in electing chiefs and a king. The sayings pepayih handed down from generation to generation and are known to everyone and the ignorance of law cannot be an honest and valid excuse. Pepztih is the source of honour and the fountain of justice. A digest may give a very faithful picture of its subject but not he actual laws. What is Customary Law? The female heirs inherit equally their mother’s property irrespective of whether or not they predeceased their mother.

By these means the adat pepateh tries to balance between leniency and undue tolerance of crime.

Commercial Law: Customary Law in Malaysia : Adat Perpatih

While the son is considered more robust, can live under any conditions and have lesser need for a house. The difference between adat pepatih and the adat temenggong is visible in the days of British administration Whenever a miscarriage of justice occurs in Perak, Pahang and Selangor the Malays takes it very calmly but in Negeri Sembilan the whole population is exited by any non-recognition of the local adat.

Articles needing additional references from January All articles needing additional references. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Sultan Iskandar Shah derived great profit and satisfaction by the prosperity of trade in Malacca.