دراسة في طبيعة المجتمع العراقي A Study of the Nature of Iraqi Society. by علي الوردي Ali al Wardi · Paperback. $$ In stock on August 28, Books shelved as ali-alwardi: خوارق اللاشعور by علي الوردي, شخصية الفرد العراقي by علي الوردي, مهزلة العقل البشري by علي الوردي, منطق ابن خلدون by علي ال. Ali al-Wardi is the author of Social Glimpses of Modern Iraqi History ( avg rating, 4 ratings, 0 reviews, published ) Ali al-Wardi’s books. Ali al-Wardi.

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Not only does it invent the weapons with which to kill its enemies, it provides awlardi excuses and rationales that justify killing them. The reason is boiks Man is first guided by the deeper or unconscious mind, before the discerning mind intervenes to justify his actions.

The logic pursued by the old philosophers was deficient in two ways: The most important works ofAli Al-Wardi are: The course of human society, he believed, was the outcome of an intense competition that compels people to create and excel, and that human development and progress are achieved through the sacrifice of the numerous victims who fail in life but on whose bokks the success of others is built. Man calls for the truth only when he is in harmony with his ego, which is what Al-Wardi believed people should keep in mind when dealing with others.

This, in turn, makes each booke these groups irrevocably believe that it is right and its adversaries are wrong, which is exactly from where disagreements among people arise. Al-Wardi said that Man is an animal before being a human being, and was endowed by a number of distinguishing factors chief among which is the mind.

This key discovery in the history of philosophical thought rallied all the effective criticisms in order to extricate Man from his ignorance and failure, to make him doubtful and to alert him to the fact that the chronic ignorance that controls his mind had never been analyzed, critiqued or reviewed.

Truth was not given in its final form but was amenable to change, unlike the Aristotelian logic that saw truth as constant and absolute and does not change in time or space. Al-Jibouri’s contribution is the translation of Volume Six and its supplement which is renamed Volume Seven.

Freud — was the first in the modern era to develop a psychoanalytical theory that stresses the importance of instincts — the sexual instinct in particular — in shaping culture and personality. The time of sultans is long gone and has been replaced by nations. In the context of ascribing meanings to actions, Freud highlighted a seemingly meaningless phenomenon that does not seem to reflect known motives.

All things have reasonable causes, though philosophers here have a disagreement. This is why the rationalists believed that the human alwarei is limited, and accused it of being inadequate; beset by illusions and swayed by desires Al-Buleihi Sli means that there is no absolute truth, but relative truths that change according to time and place. The mind is relative in time and space, and necessarily acquires its particular characteristics in proportion to the amount of knowledge it produces about the world, and in proportion to the amount of knowledge it generates.


Al-Wardi compares the unconscious power that constrains the mind to the atmospheric pressure whose considerable weight we bear, without our being aware of it, except if we move to a location with a different atmospheric pressure. Alexa Actionable Analytics for the Web. Al-Wardi saw that the paradox lay in the outcome being precisely the opposite of what the preachers hoped to achieve, i. Al-Jahiz believed that alwaardi mind is involuntary, like the senses, except within a very narrow margin, which is why the more the person is isolated the more fanatical he becomes.

Moreover, he relied on what had been written about the human mind, and chose from the literature elements that supported or refuted his personal ideas on social issues.

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Thus, if someone proposes a religion to him that his mind does not like, he has no choice but to reject it. Furthermore, the productive scientific mind should remain alive and keep on thinking so that humanity can survive, and so human civilizations can advance and prosper.

If a human being is born and raised among the animals he becomes an animal like them. Anthropologists believe that Man is the only creature capable of rational behaviour because he has a mind with which to think, a boooks with which to express himself and a hand with which to produce his daily needs. There’s alwafdi problem loading this menu right now. In forging this link, Al-Wardi bases himself on the words of the psychologist Robert Meyers who said that the unconscious alwatdi both a goldmine and a heap of garbage.

In fact, he wrote, Man first believes in the doctrine he inherits from his forefathers, and only later does he begin to rethink it. Learn more at Author Central. In this, Iraqi society is the exact opposite of the advanced industrial society that sees bookd truth from several angles because of its dynamism, openness and constant evolution due to its scientific and technical progress, widespread means of communication and well-developed media.

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Therefore, we should, like Jurgen Habermas said, turn our attention to the critical communicative mind that forged human civilization, because the world we live in is not such a sham. Amazon Advertising Find, attract, and engage customers. The ancient philosophers believed that Man was rational and free-thinking and followed the path of his choice, through relying on the old logic and on pure thought. In reality, however, that Man likes the truth when it serves him well, but if it does not, he sees it from a different standpoint, and tries to find reasons to downgrade its importance.


It is high time for us to stage a coup in the way we think. Rather than a natural gift, personality is an acquired, particularly human characteristic, which Man inherits from his fathers and forefathers.

Ali Al-Wardi

The mind absorbs only part of the external reality, then adds to itself another part to complete the picture in accordance with how the mind imagines that picture to be. Social scientists in the field of social theory of knowledge pointed out to the objective truth and hooks susceptibility to the influences of social, economic and psychological conditions, and concluded that the human mind is not an instrument fashioned to search for the truth, since it is most probably encapsulated within frameworks moulded by society.

Aristotelian logic is linked to the old traditional methods of thought and demonstration. Amazon Restaurants Food delivery from local restaurants. The mind is a power capable of understanding universals. Are you an author? People who preached that the sooner Man amended his ways that his heart would be cleansed of its hatred and selfishness, and overnight he would become alwxrdi happy contented individual. For example, when we explain a dream or make a slip of the tongue, we usually fail to understand the motive or motives alli it.

Their aim was to change the nature and hearts of people through sermons; but they have failed to realize that they were asking for the impossible, since their sermons fell on deaf ears. If we accept that the fanaticism of the mind changes in step with the changing circumstances and social environment, then Al-Wardi failed to realize that the human mind can change in tandem with social change and development, since society is in flux rather than static in time and space.

The illusion of inherited perfection is obstructive to the human mind.

Moreover, socially changing such attributes would be possible only if the social conditions that motivated them changed too. This is why they presented logical explanations for all human behaviour, based on consciousness and thought and its logical justification.

He worked as Professor at the Universities of Baghdad and of Algiers and published many books and essays on Ali Al-Wardi and various philosophical alwardii social issues in Arabic and in German.

He drew his ideas from three major sources:. As for the worlds of astronomy, nuclear physics, the spirit and others, they are not among the instruments and standards that we are familiar with in our limited lives; we are entering a new era that has no place for axioms or general parameters.