Title, Colombia: ciudad y violencia. Colección Ciudad y democracia. Authors, Alvaro Camacho Guizado, Alvaro Guzmán Barney. Publisher, Ed. Foro Nacional, . Title, Credo, necesidad y codicia: los alimentos de la guerra. Author, Alvaro Camacho Guizado. Published, Length, 14 pages. Export Citation, BiBTeX. ÁLVARO CAMACHO GUIZADO’s 2 research works with 23 citations and 38 reads , including: From Smugglers to Warlords: Twentieth Century Colombian Drug.

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Alvaro Camacho Guizado

What they do is exacerbate existing morals putting the perverse side of these social standards on the line. Narcotics traffickers have been aided and abetted by retired army and police personnel. Some experts maintain that in fact opium poppy cultivation has not dropped -contrary to what the government says- but rather that it has stayed at 15, to 20, hectares.

Notwithstanding the problems which this approach might generate, at both the national and international levels, and on an economic as well as a political scale, the Colombian government should endeavor to represent one of the most needy sectors of its people: Other arguments used against extradition are its repercussions in terms of terrorism and the assassination of judges; and for human rights reasons since U.

Low to High Price: The local market which is made up of those farmers who plant small plots and sell their coca leaves to the richer peasants of the region, which then process the leaves in a rudimentary fashion and sell cocaine paste and low-quality cocaine to the dealers.

Colombia: ciudad y violencia – Alvaro Camacho Guizado, Alvaro Guzmán Barney – Google Books

He was an early critic of U. It does however leave wide margin for the owners of commercial plantations to parcel their plantations so as to escape the arm of the law. A study carried out in the Colombian region of the Valle del Cauca indicates that the acceptance patterns for illegal entrepreneurs correlated with factors such as social background, local leadership characteristics, the presence or absence of armed insurgent groups, the forms by which the State imposes repressive measures, the strategies used to accumulate and launder monies, land-ownership patterns, and the strength or weaknesses of local associational organizations [22].


Pressure has been exerted on the judicial system, the National Prisons Institute and the National Police to increase efficiency and comply with Fuizado. Gunmen recruited by narcotics traffickers have raised the homicide rates in some cities and enlisted large numbers of young people from the poorer quarters as sicarios hired killersand for general delinquency purposes.

The President’s Office has successively established two agencies charged with implementing crop substitution and the alternative development strategy: More women would be consuming illicit drugs -the female population between the ages of 12 and 17, and working-age women. In short, the drug lords spared no effort towards participating in contouring Colombia’s social landscape.

This latter group, however, accumulates more earnings and has therefore the possibility of recycling itself in other economic activities outside of the production zones.

On the one hand, accusations relating to contributions from drug traffickers to Samper’s presidential campaign which prompted Samper to apply harsher measures against narcotics traffickers. One of the most important aspects -on which there is noticeable lack of research- is the distribution patterns in consumer countries. Deforested soils stripped of their protective vegetation in high rainfall areas alvaor clayey, lateritic and sandy and solely suitable for extensive cattle raising, which, in turn, has a highly erosive impact on the environment.

It makes the Colombian State into an intermediary between the delinquent and the judiciary of another country, which spells the end of enhancing criminal-intelligence gathering in Colombia.

Narcotics traffickers’ social characteristics and their relationships with other groups. However, since manual and mechanical eradication procedures are more costly and tend to be dangerous in the zones controlled by the guerrilla -principally those under the control of the Colombian Revolutionary Forces Fuerzas Revolucionarias de Colombia -FARC – the Colombian government has decided to spray from the air with glyphosate.


Inthe PNR initiated its first crop-substitution project in southern Cauca, on the eastern slopes of the Central Cordillera Mountains. They constitute a guizaddo within a class, a “class sector” bound together by a common object and through the way they acquire their wealth. Some reportings indicate that coca and opium poppy production has augmented thanks to the introduction of cmaacho varieties, more efficient processing techniques, greater availability of precursor chemicals and, as concerns coca crops, planting in more fertile areas.

Certain interest groups in the United States also consider military participation a must. In fact, they find that, had they not been implemented, things would be much worse. And those that manage to subsist are full of chemical poisons. These groups were founded in the s in response alvago the kidnapping of some traffickers’ relatives by the insurgency.

However, some of the experts seem to think that these policies have been successful. At any rate, and in spite of some achievements, the experts tend to disqualify the coherence and reasoning behind narcotics policies.

It is commonplace gjizado them to pay in advance to cultivate coca and opium poppy, thus replacing legal crops for illegal ones.

In fact, illegal entrepreneurs, though identified as delinquents, are widely accepted -even if not always openly- by the intermediate and upper social circles in their localities. The difficulty lies in estimating the total amount of coca paste imported and processed to make cocaine HCI. Amazon Inspire Digital Educational Resources. A study by the Environmental Auditing Commission states: