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Annual economic impact of tick-borne diseases on a per head basis as outlined by McLeod and Kristjanson [19]. Developing safe, economically affordable, user friendly, easily adaptable and accessible, environmentally friendly, and community-driven interventions well suited to local conditions and specific to rural livestock communities can be highly successful calendqrio would be desirable [21, 42]. Alternatives for Livestock Development.

Index of /bioandes/pdf/Peru/Cartillas de revalorizacion

calendarik Case studies of ethnoveterinary medicine in Trinidad and Tobago [Ph. A global meta-analytic contrast of cushion-plant effects on plants and on arthropods. Spice mixed with juice of leaf and bark from Calpurnia aurea to form an acaricide Spice mixed with juice of leaf and bark from Calpurnia aurea to form an acaricide Acaricide Juice mixed with spice of Capsicum spp.

Repellency of their essential oil Topical application of crude ethanol extracts. Family name of plant Species name of plant English name Table 3: Ethnobotanical perspective of antimalarial plants: Works with Firefox and Internet Explorer. Consequently, the value of antitick ethnobotanicals will become more easily recognized and understood by professionals from all walks of life in livestock health.

By clicking register, I agree to your terms. Pennington, The tarahumar of Mexico. Fresh leaf Seed Piperaceae Piper amalago L. Acopio de Fibra de alpaca. Antitick ethnobotanical knowledge has its origin too rooted in trial and error traditional practices of ancient people.

Eucalyptus essential oil, Tick repellent against Ixodes spp. Francoeuria Ficus brachypoda Ficus cfr. For instance, Nigerian Fulani correctly observed that Sammore Trypanosomiasis was spread by tsetse fly bites [63] and used calendaroo variety of traditional methods to control them [39].

This feasibility is justified by numerous scientific and socioanthropological reports of surveys and laboratory studies on African plants with effects on livestock ticks [,,, —].


Methodology Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine [96] [97] [98] [99] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] and Results.


Unfortunately, in Africa, there are no commercial uses of these ethnobotanicals and awareness campaigns for their integration into tick control and management systems. A particular EVK method may require considerable amounts of leaves, seeds, or even roots, which might not be possible to get.

Dibenzyltrisulfide, a compound in the alpaqueeo of P. The tick species reported in Bolivia are reviewed here as 1 endemic or established: Ixodida on the Iberian Peninsula. Identification of potential plant extracts for anti-tick activity against acaricide resistant cattle ticks, Rhipicephalus Boophilus microplus Acari: In Kenya, a number of plants have been shown to affect and modify tick behaviours, particularly with repellency potentials.

Some of these plants are suitable forage and due to secondary metabolites they secrete as viscous, adhesive, odorous, or toxic substances; they have been found to be capable of repelling, trapping, and killing different host-seeking tick species [,, ].

Ixodidae of companion animals in Australia. Majority of these plants are holistic in action, economically affordable, user friendly, easily adaptable and accessible, and environmentally friendly and help develop community-driven tick control interventions well suited to local conditions and specific to different livestock communities. Most important is the fact that these plants are holistic in action [39, 48] and, therefore, have many positive values to offer to rural livestock farmers [49].

Effects of invasive plants on arthropods. The application of ethnobotanicals for tick control and management is still confined to individual rural resource-poor al;aquero farmers or ethnopractitioners and researchers in their respective institutions.

For instance, many programmes are generated without taking into aloaquero the existing traditional livestock farming systems and conditions, production objectives, priorities, resource base, and technical-know-how of rural livestock farmers [39]. Tasmanian bluegum, eucalypt, and fever tree Eupatorium odoratum Penny Clifford Chromolaena odorata L. One of the most limiting factors of ethnobotanical acaricides is that they are not always practical on a large scale and dosages are uncertain and remedies are not standardized since the concentration of a critical ingredient in a plant often varies from one location to another and from one season to another.

Methanol extract repelled the ticks also Repellent against Ixodes spp. The impact of this role will be greatest if the active participation of such natural custodians and ethnopractitioners of valuable calendarioo is guaranteed in the generation of research focusing on screening programmes dealing with the isolation alpaquerro bioactive principles and the development of new livestock ectoparasiticides []. Bridging this gap of mistrust between ethnopractitioners and calednario poses great challenges and, nevertheless, it remains the biggest stumbling block and threat to any fruitful development of ethnoknowledge in Africa.


While the identities of the more common toxic plants are generally known, at least to plant phytochemists, older herbal texts may not reflect this knowledge []. However, enforcement of appropriate legislation and good management of developed tick control interventions have, in calendwrio past, scored successes in some areas [22]. Install in Firefox Install in Chrome.

All these groups were consulted because each was associated with a specific aspect of useful ethnobotanical knowledge relevant to the study. Boiling in water to make cattle dip and disinfectant.

Rich Boscia mossambicensis Klotzsch Bontia daphnoides L. They produce lesions on the hosts during the blood feeding and great economic losses. Being toxic and inhabitant of oviposition and embryogenesis of Boophilus microplus Canst. Of these blood-feeding ectoparasites, ticks are the most important arthropod disease vectors, surpassing all other haematophagous arthropods in number and variety of diseases they transmit to animals and humans [6]. Matzigkeit, Natural Veterinary medicine.

Oil hexane and water soluble extracts against the ticks Rhipicephalus appendiculatus and Amblyomma variegatum A blend with lemon grass and marjoram essential oils forms antitick repellent spray Extracts caused mortality of Boophilus microplus larvae and inhibited partially or totally egg production and embryogenesis in engorged females Acaricide Rotenoids act as acaricide Crushed seeds mixed with cattle faeces and smeared on cattle Topical application of alpaquerp ethanol extract affected the survival of engorged and adult female Boophilus microplus Canst.