Chlorobenzene. MSDS# Section 1 – Chemical Product and Company Identification. MSDS. Name: Chlorobenzene. Catalog. Numbers: AC CAS #. Chemical name. Concentration (% by weight). Common name and synonyms. Monochlorobenzene. Chlorobenzene. Chlorobenzene for synthesis. CAS , chemical formula C₆H₅Cl. – Find MSDS or SDS, a COA, data sheets and more information.
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The catalyst enhances the electrophilicity of the chlorine. Humans may be exposed to this agent via breathing contaminated air primarily via occupational exposureconsuming contaminated food or water, or by coming into contact with contaminated soil typically near hazardous waste sites.
This page was last edited on 15 Novemberat Systematic and Applied Microbiology. Chlorobenzene is an aromatic chlorobennzene compound with the chemical formula C 6 H 5 Cl. The major use of chlorobenzene is as an intermediate in the production of commodities such as herbicides, dyestuffs, and rubber. Chlorobenzne is also used as a high-boiling solvent in many industrial applications as well as in the laboratory.
This colorless, flammable liquid is a common solvent and a widely used intermediate in the manufacture of other chemicals.
Chlorobenzene | C6H5Cl – PubChem
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Views Read Edit View history. Upon entering the body, typically via contaminated air, chlorobenzene is excreted both via the lungs and the urinary system. Industrially the reaction is conducted as a continuous process to minimize the formation of dichlorobenzenes. However, because it has only been found at 97 out of 1, NPL hazardous waste sites, it is not considered a widespread environmental contaminant.
Chlorobenzene is manufactured by chlorination of benzene in the presence of a catalytic amount of Lewis acid such as ferric chloridesulfur dichlorideand anhydrous aluminium chloride: It was first described in Chlorobenzene once was used in the manufacture of certain pesticidesmost notably DDTby reaction with chloral trichloroacetaldehydebut this application has declined with the diminished use of DDT.
Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Journal of Geophysical Research: Lethal dose or concentration LDLC:.
Chlorobenzene can persist in soil for several months, in air for chlorobenzwne 3. These mononitrochlorobenzenes are converted to related 2-nitrophenol2-nitroanisole, bis 2-nitrophenyl disulfide, and 2-nitroaniline by nucleophilic displacement of the chloride, with respectively sodium hydroxidesodium methoxidesodium disulfide, and ammonia.
LC Lo lowest published. At one time, chlorobenzene was the main precursor for the manufacture of phenol: Chlorobenzene exhibits “low to moderate” toxicity as indicated chkorobenzene its LD 50 of 2.
The heating would have triggered a reaction of organics in the Martian soil, which is known to contain perchlorate. Retrieved from ” https: Halogenated solvents Hazardous air pollutants Chloroarenes Aromatic solvents Phenyl compounds.
The conversions of the 4-nitro derivative are similar.
Chlorobenzene can be produced by from aniline via benzenediazonium chloridethe route being known as the Sandmeyer reaction. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.
Because chlorine is electronegative, C 6 H 5 Cl exhibits somewhat decreased susceptibility to further chlorination.