Echinochloa is a very widespread genus of plants in the grass family. Some of the species are Nakai – Pseudechinolaena polystachya; Echinochloa elephantipes – Panicum elephantipes; Echinochloa eruciformis – Brachiaria. Echinochloa polystachya (Kunth) Hitchc. Show All Show Tabs creeping river grass. Image of Echinochloa polystachya. General Information. Symbol: ECPO3. PSEUDECHINOLAENA polystachya (Kunth) Stapf [family POACEAE], in F.T.A. 9: (); Fl. Agrost. Congo Belge 2: 74 (); Ann. list grasses Ug.:

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Leaf blades 30—36 cm long, 10—12 mm wide. The action plan for Australian birds The inflorescence is a panicle made out of dense, short and thick ascending racemes which bear almost sessile spikelets. Queensland Government, Department of polystacyha Industries and Fisheries. Review paper on weeds of concern to northern Australia. Each of the seed-head branches i.

Tropical pasture plants as weeds. Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value.

It is still cultivated in ponded pastures in this region. Handbook of bioenergy crops: Cereal and grass forages Forage plants.

Fact sheet – Echinochloa polystachya

Supports high stocking rates with rotational grazing with day rest. It grows on seasonally flooded wetlands or under very high rainfall conditions more than mm per year Hannan-Jones et al. In Australia, German grass was found to threaten the habitat of water birds such as waterfowl, magpie goose and pygmy-goose, by displacing native plant species or by closing open waters, on which and where they feed, respectively Garnett et al.

Promising accessions Country Details None reported. Leaf and canopy photosynthetic CO 2 uptake of a stand of Echinocloa polystachya on the Central Amazon floodplain. Melissa Collins stems and leaves Photo: All animals exhibited low levels of total lipids and cholesterol, which indicated that this meat could be sold as light meat or low fat meat, which is interesting from a nutritional point of view for the consumer: Grows best in wet or seasonally flooded areas, where flooding can occur for 7—12 months of the year.


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Upper floret lemma 4. The spikelets are awned, lanceolate and about mm long. It can also completely transform the habitat in waterways and slow the movement of water. German grass is tolerant of sodicity and salinity Lukacs et al. Chris Gardiner single flowering stem Photo: It can grow in water as deep as 2 m and does not float. German grass Echinochloa polystachyaaerial part, fresh.


In Australia, its weed control management must be planned Hannan-Jones et al. Toxic plants for livestock in the western and eastern Serido, state of Rio Grande do Norte, in the Brazilian semiarid.

The stems may be as long as 2 m. Check our website at www. The internodes are of equal length, and equal diameter. German grass Echinochloa polystachya. More research is necessary, however, because they may not be host-specific enough to be of polystchya use. Leaf blades 20—60 cm long 10—25 mm wide, scabrous on the margin. In Colombia, found on clay soils.

Yield and nutritive value of tropical forages.

Introduced to northern Australia but not widespread. Continued promotion and planting as a desirable ponded-pasture polystchya will also accelerate its spread to new areas. Echinochloa compressa – Axonopus compressus Echinochloa cubensis – Oplismenus hirtellus Echinochloa echinata P. Datasheet Description Click on the “Nutritional aspects” tab for recommendations for ruminants, pigs, poultry, rabbits, horses, fish and crustaceans.


No serious insect pests in Australia but ecginochloa to be affected by fungi that infect other native Echinochloa grasses, e. Summer growth only, no frost tolerance but often protected from overnight frosts by surrounding volume of water. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions federal and state legislation, and local government laws directly or indirectly related to each control method.

Bufalos do Para, Belem, Brazil. University of Florida, p. From Orinoco Delta, Venezuela. Comparatively high nutritional value especially during the dry season when dryland grasses have matured into very low quality feed. A searchable catalogue of grass and forage legumes.

Very palatable grass but polyshachya by livestock may be limited by depth of water. Seed heads are produced throughout the year when plants have stems longer than 1 m. Stem sections with 2—3 nodes are planted with 1 node above the surface. Some of the species within this genus are millets that are grown as cereal or fodder crops.

Scientific name

The fungi Drechslera monoceras and Exserohilum monoceras have been evaluated with some success as potential biocontrol agents of common barnyard grass in rice fields. Echinochloa polystachya Kunth Hitchc. Aquatic herbaceous plants of the Amazon floodplains: There has been no evidence of viable echunochloa ever being produced in Northern Territory, Australia.