Journal: Folia Historiae Artium Publisher: () Polska Akademia Nauk * Oddzial w Krakowie ISSN (P) ISSN (L) There are no additional. Shelfmark: Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg, ZST C. Title: Folia Historiae Artium, T. 9 (). Contributor: Dobrowolski, Tadeusz ( ), Polska Akademia Nauk. Oddział w Krakowie. Komisja Teorii i Historii.

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Vocelka, Histoiae,pp Numerous examples of Luther s likenesses have been assembled in the compilation: Treu, Luther zwischen Kunst as in note 9 However, it differs from its model in the arrangement of Luther s left hand, supporting the Bible, and of his right, shown in the gesture reminiscent of blessing.

Deutung und Kritik, ed. Thompson, Milwaukee,p. The papists did not have qualms about showing Luther being 50 K.

These images usually fairly faithfully reproduced the external traits of Luther s physiognomy, but overemphasised the characteristics of his personality, thus imposing on the viewer and reader specific judgements of the role of this theologian in the history of Christianity.

Thus, Schorn made the Reformer look like Christ, apparently intending to demonstrate, through this almost blasphemous gesture, that Luther had been the true disciple and follower of the Saviour 4, a fact that was particularly telling when his image was being viewed by the pope, whom ihstoriae Wittenberg theologian and the majority of supporters of the Reformation considered historiea be Antichrist. Vokoun, Luther, pp as in note Die Cranach-Werkstatt in Weimar, ed.

Treu, Luther zwischen Kunst as in note 9 The confrontation of Paul III with Luther s portrait was most likely Schorn s own licentia historica, but attempts at bringing the Reformer to life by means of his like nesses were fairly frequent in various European countries in the sixteenth century.


Verbum Domini manet in aeternum 1 Pet. Luther, Against the Prophets, paragraphs as in note 27 ; See also S. Haag, Freiburg im Breisgau, The title of the present review paraphrases the formulation by which Martin Luther defined the proper way of addressing the Virgin Mary in the Protestant Church.

Heidelberg University Library: Folia Historiae Artium – digitized

Kurzej, Cracow,pp For the similarities artiym the hagiography and iconography of Luther and of the saints of the Counter-Reformation period, see R. Wolff, Metapher und Kreuz. Even the presence of his image in the Weimar altarpiece should not, in the light of his teachings, have provoked such practices, since in his dissertation, Wider die himmlischen Propheten, von den Bildern und Sakrament [Against the Heavenly Prophets in the Matter of 26 G. Holz, Der gepredigte Luther.

Particularly malicious in this regard is a painting by Egbert Heemskerck the Youngerwhich depicts Luther entering hell, mounted on a grotesque skeleton- -monster, at the head of a throng of his followers [Fig.

Folia Historiae Artium – digitized

Scribner, Incombustible Luther, pp as in note 3 ; A. Schwarz Lausten, Reformationen i Danmark, Copenhagen,pp. Nationale Sonderaustelung Luther und die Deutchen. The Precursor is pointing towards Christ, apparently saying: Nevertheless, one should also note much earlier works in which distinct suggestions of such a mode of representing the Reformer had appeared.

Schilling, Martin Luther, pp as in note 2. Relatively less attention has been devoted to Histotiae s official portraits of Luther, which had played a much more important role in shaping his iconography. By means of certain likenesses, they tried to persuade the viewers that Luther was, as the Jesuit Robert Bellarmine stated, an arch-heretic who had herded larger numbers of faithful out of Christ s true Church than any other dissenter.


As Treu s research has demonstrated, such subject matter became widespread in Luther s iconography in the eighteenth century, mainly thanks to prints, such as for example the copper engraving fromwhich shows Luther s portrait surrounded by scenes from his life [Fig.

Plagemann, Munich,pp ; C. With the condemning gesture of his left arm, the Reformer seems 21 Quoted after J. The latter challenge was taken up only by the authors of art-historical rolia included in the volume entitled, Martin Luther: To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors. Description of Luther as Apostle, Evangelist, and Prophet.

Zeller, Prediger der Evangelismus. Although he never dared to call himself one in his writings 20, he did not protest, either, when the introduction to an edition of his writings, published in Basle inclaimed that many consider [him] a Daniel sent at length in mercy by Christ to correct abuses 19 M. Katholische Auftragswerke im Zeitalter der Glaubensspaltungarrtium.

Luther and Philip Melanchthonstanding around the Ark of the Covenant on which the book with the Word of God is spread open. The main reason for this upside-down triumph is indicated by a daemon hovering in the air with a book of Luther s heretic teachings. Luther spent almost the entire heretic period of his life in Wittenberg, a city located in the Saxon province, whose population barely exceeded two thousand inhabitants.