ISO/IEC is an international standard related to electronic identification cards with contacts, ISO/IEC Part 7: Interindustry commands for Structured Card Query Language (SCQL); ISO/IEC Part 8: Commands. It shall not be mandatory for all cards complying to this part of ISO/IEC to support all the described commands or all the options of a supported command. ISO/IEC part 4 smart card standard specifies the contents of messages, commands, and responses transmitted by APDU. ISO 4 defines answer to.
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Smart Card Standards
By providing a high-level interface which can support multiple smart card types, the OpenCard Framework was intended to enable vendor-independent card interoperability. Example transactions affected by this include claims, enrollment, eligibility, payment and coordination of benefits.
ISO standards by standard number. These organizations are active in smart card standardization: These commands cover the entire life cycle of the card and therefore some commands may be used before the card has been issued to the cardholder or after the card has expired. Apple, Oracle-Sun, Linux and Microsoft all support this standard.
It covers the basic functions of enrollment, verification, and identification, and includes a database interface to allow a biometric service provider BSP to manage the technology device and identification population for optimum performance. According to its abstract, it specifies a card application. The following data is for informative purposes only. It gives the identifier, name, description, format, coding and layout of each DE and defines the means of retrieval of DEs from the card.
To the card itself, 2. They define the card logical structure files and data elementsvarious commands ieo by the application programming interface for isl use, application management, biometric verification, cryptographic services and application naming.
FIPS standards are designed to protect federal assets, including computer and telecommunications systems. Cards with contacts — Electrical interface and transmission protocols”. The following standards and the organizations that maintain them are the most prevalent in the smart card industry:.
According to its abstract, it specifies the operating conditions of an integrated circuit card that provides a USB interface. Note that BioAPI is not optimum for a microcontroller environment such as might be embedded within a iwo access control reader unit or within a smart card processor.
The GSM standard is dominant in the cell phone industry and uses smart cards called Subscriber Identification Modules 78816-7 that are configured with information essential to authenticating a GSM-compliant mobile phone, thus allowing a phone to receive service whenever the phone is within coverage of a suitable network.
Smart Card Basics
FIPS This specification covers all aspects of multifunction cards used in identity management systems throughout the U. Created inupdated inamended inupdated in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The following FIPS standards apply to smart card technology and pertain to digital signature ios, advanced encryption standards, and security requirements for cryptographic modules. The standard establishes mechanisms and policies that enable secure channel communications with a credential. Smart cards are governed by the requirements of HIPAA pertaining to data security and patient privacy.
Open system card interoperability should apply at several levels: This standard is managed by the European Telecommunication Standards Institute.
Specifically, it establishes standards for the physical characteristics, radio frequency power and signal interface, and anti-collision and transmission protocol for vicinity cards iwo operate to a maximum of 1 meter approximately 3. The OpenCardT framework is an obsolete standard.
Created inupdated inamended in These data can be placed in a single file used to exchange biometric information between different system components or between systems. Open system card interoperability will only be achieved by conformance 78816-7 international standards.
It also provides primitives that allow the application to separately manage the capture of samples on a client workstation, and the enrollment, verification, and identification functions on a server.
Common Criteria is an internationally approved isso evaluation framework providing a clear and reliable evaluation of the security capabilities of IT products, including secure ICs, smart card operating systems, and application software. Created inupdated inupdated in According to its abstract, it specifies the Data Elements DEs used for interindustry interchange based on integrated circuit cards ICCs both with contacts and lso contacts. The choice and conditions of use of cryptographic mechanisms may affect card exportability.
BioAPI is intended to provide a high-level generic biometric authentication model-one suited for any form of biometric technology. Smart Card Standards Primarily, smart card standards govern physical properties, communication characteristics, and application identifiers of the embedded chip and data.
The security requirements contained in FIPS pertain to areas related to the 7816- design and implementation of a cryptographic module, specifically: Registration of application providers”. Identification of persons using biometric methods is outside the scope of this standard.
The loaded data may contain, for example, code, keys and applets. Commands for card management”. HIPAA adopts national standards for implementing a secure electronic health transaction system in the U.
ISO part 4 smart card standard APDU commands ATR historical bytes
This standard only applies to CPU contact cards. According to its abstract, it specifies interindustry commands for integrated circuit cards both with contacts and without contacts for card and file management, e. Many new secure ID system isso are using both biometrics and smart cards to improve the security and privacy of an ID system.