ChildhoodThe son of outstanding Silver Age poets Anna Akhmatova and Nikolay Gumilev Lev was born in Tsarskoe Selo, near St Petersburg. Lev Gumilev, Ethnogenesis and Eurasianism. ALEXANDER SERGEEVICH TITOV. University College London. School of Slavonic and Eastern European. Putin’s passing mention of the late Russian historian Lev Gumilev and this odd word passionarnost meant little to the uninitiated; but to those.
|Published (Last):||27 January 2008|
|PDF File Size:||5.35 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||7.71 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Historians Biography Geography Art, music, literature, sports and leisure Credited. Camp life was his laboratory. But even among the criminals there was a tendency to distinguish the lawless from the law-abiding: Despite this, he still managed to carve out a respected career and come up with original and insightful ideas about World and Russian history. Sitting awkwardly on small, white, hard-backed chairs, the assembled dignitaries know they are in for three hours of gruelling oratory.
A spiritual idea — this was the moving force of these people. The ethnos is supposed to be a ‘biological’ entity determined by its place in the natural environment, but at the same time, inspired by a few innovative leaders, each ‘ethnos’ has its special time of intense flowering. One example he often referred to in later writings was the march of Alexander the Great across Eurasia. For someone who had lost so much at the hands of the USSR, Gumilev was nonetheless surprisingly embittered by its collapse.
Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed. Alternating between elegy, lamentation and witness, it culminates in its most famous stanza:. His unorthodox ideas on the birth and death of ethnoses ethnic groups have given rise to the political and cultural movement known as “Neo-Eurasianism.
Gumilev argued that it was possible for two or more nations to unite to form a super-ethnos, and that years ago the Eastern Slavs Russians, Ukrainians and ByelorussiansVumilev and Tatars had fused to form a super-ethnos. The history ugmilev earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here: Finally, the torch was passed on to the USSR. In the same way, the state of Israel was established by people of Jewish origin who were moved not by their own energy, but by the energy reflecting the passionary gymilev of the Slavic Belarusians and Poles.
Intellectuals, already living in isolation and penury, began to live in fear. In his later lef, Gumilev celebrated Eurasianism, a theory developed in the s by Russian exiles. Saint Petersburg State University. At this point he was beyond help.
It originally referred to the plain extending to the East and West of the Ural mountains. Anna Akhmatova personally appealed to Stalin, asking him to free her loved ones. The current state of Europe he described as deep inertia, or “introduction to obscuration,” to use his own term.
Lev Gumilev. Ethnogenesis and the Biosphere
This was her paradox: Fights with the academic establishment were sometimes solved by a phone call from the presidium of the Supreme Soviet or the central committee.
Gumilev is often cited as the founder of the Neo-Eurasianist movement, and he was quoted as saying that “I am the last of the Eurasianists.
Gumilyov attempted to explain the waves of nomadic migration that rocked the great steppe of Eurasia for centuries by geographical factors such as annual vacillations in solar radiation, which determine the area of grasslands that could be used for grazing livestock.
Not surprisingly, Gumilev’s teachings have enjoyed immense popularity in Central Asian countries. Journalists hope Putin lve say something threatening or off-colour he frequently doesand this will become a Twitter hashtag within seconds. Her son was sentenced to five ghmilev in a labor camp in Eastern Gjmilev. A charismatic poet who expressed the despair of a generation.
But he was a complex man. Gumilev noticed that the zeksirrespective of background, education or cultural level, all displayed a tendency to form into small groups of two to four people. To be fair to Gumilev, he was not devising a racially or ethnically tinged theory of nationalism, but stating only that the urge to identify with a nation is so pervasive that it must be an essential part of human nature.
His idea was based on the fact that, in some moments, certain outer, mostly natural, impulses e. Drawing inspiration from the works of Konstantin Leontyev and Nikolay DanilevskyGumilyov regarded Russians as a “super-ethnos” which is kindred to Turkic-Mongol peoples of the Eurasian steppe.
Lev Gumilev – New World Encyclopedia
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lev Gumilev. He argued that every ethnic group passes through the same stages of birth, developmentclimaxinertiaconvolutionand memorial.
After Stalin ‘s death, Gumilev joined the Hermitage Museumwhose director, Mikhail Artamonov, he would come to appreciate as his mentor. He considered that all the influences on the Gumileb people — from the Polovtsians, the Chinese and the Mongols — only enriched us.
Ethnogenesis and the Biosphere
And he gradually came to understand that, while brutal and violent, life among inmates was not entirely Hobbesian — a war of all against all. The fission phase, says Gumilev, started after the Fatherland War inand its hardest time was that of Soviet rule, when the ethnos’ entity had been lost and the bloodshed of the Civil War took place. The composition of such a group depends on the internal sympathy of its members for each other. The climate is very severe, so the individual, the western individualist, would find it impossible to live here.
Ideas that might, just a few years previously, have been considered marginal or even barking mad were suddenly the anchor of his most important speech of the year. Aiming to secure his release, Akhmatova published a dithyramb to Joseph Stalinwhich did not help to release Lev, although it possibly prevented her own imprisonment. During the trial he rejected all accusations and his mother once again wrote to Stalin, but her luck had run out.
Charles Clover March 11,