Octavio Paz, who searches for the identity of the Mexican people in his study entitled El . In section IV, “Los Hijos de la Malinche,” Paz explains how the word . Los Hijos de la Malinche Octavio Paz (Fragmento de “El Laberinto de la Soledad “). all Mexicans as hijos de puta (sons of raped women) or los Pachuco s and Key words: Identity, Mexico, Pachuco s, La Malinche, Octavio Paz, Gloria AnzaldĂșa.

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Historical circumstances explain our character to the extent that our character explains those circumstances.


In addition, the Virgin the universal Mother, is also the intermediary, the messenger, between disinherited man and the unknown, inscrutable power: Y esos malniche no se definen sino en cuanto hijos de una madre tan indeterminada y vaga como ellos mismos.

Another, no less degrading, is the devotion to personalities rather than to principles. El obrero moderno carece de individualidad. They are evil words, and we utter them in a loud voice only when we are not in control of ourselves.

We attract and repel. In both situations the individual and the group struggle simultaneously and contradictorily to hide and to reveal themselves. It is an attitude that goes beyond historical circumstances, although it makes use of them to manifest itself and is modified by contact with them.


But the mapinche of the Mexican resides, I believe, in his violent, sarcastic humiliation of the Mother and his no less violent affirmation of the Father. Mystery is an occult force or efficacy that does not obey us, and we never know how or dr it will manifest itself.


The persistence of certain attitudes, and the freedom and independence they assume in relation to the causes that created them, induce us to study them in the living flesh of the present rather than in history books.

History, then, can clarify the origins of many of our phantasms, but it cannot dissipate them. Treachery, loyalty, crime and love hide out in the depths of our glance. Frente a ellos el mexicano es singularmente pulcro. Confusamente reflejan nuestra intimidad: Everyone becomes an octafio and the guilt feelings spread through the whole society.

He relates its origins to the Conquest by the Spaniard and the submission of Indian women, represented by Malinche. Sadism begins as a revenge against feminine hermeticism or as a desperate attempt to obtain a response from a body we fear is insensible. Once again we see the opposition of the closed and the open. Nothing is more natural, therefore, than his indifference toward the malniche he engenders.

The exception is that the heroic cycle does not end with his death: Mejor dicho, es el Enigma. The macho has no heroic or divine counterpart. To the Spaniard, dishonor consists in being the son of a woman who voluntarily surrenders herself: Para el mexicano la vida es una posibilidad de chingar o de ser chingado. It is always an aggressive verb, as can be seen in these further meanings: In all of them the hero is an adventurer, an intellectual, or a professional revolutionary: Es probable su procedencia azteca: It is Nothingness itself.

The same can be said of indigenist propaganda, which is also supported by fanatical criollos and mestizoswhile the Indians have never paid it the slightest attention. All our faculties, and all our defects as well, are opposed to this conception of work as an impersonal action repeated in equal and empty portions of time.


It is worth studying the significance of this fact. But a difference separates us. In all psz, God the Father becomes an ambivalent figure once he has dethroned the feminine deities. In a certain sense all of us, by the simple fact of being born of woman, are hijos de la Chingadasons of Eve. In sum, she is the Mother of orphans. The Mexican works slowly and carefully; he loves the completed work and each of the details that make it up; and his innate good taste is an ancient heritage.

The modem worker lacks individuality. She loses her name; she is no nalinche she disappears into nothingness; she is Nothingness. Es un verbo masculino, activo, cruel: Both are the same. At the outset, a part of society regards the extermination of other groups with indifference, or even contributes to their persecution, because it is corrupted by internal hatreds.

On the one hand, the Father embodies the generative power, the origin of life, Hence the vanity of the dispute over the historical validity of modem terrorism. We must confront them ourselves. True or not, the incident reveals the inexorable rigor with which the logic of the absurd is introduced into life.

The magic power of the word is intensified by the fact that it is prohibited. If we do not mass produce products, we vie with one another in the difficult, exquisite and useless art of dressing fleas.